Geography of Fictional Worlds: Blog Assignment #4

Write a brief (150-200) words on what life would be like for humanity in each of these three scenarios. Scenario #3 is a map of safe zones (yellow) and infestation (gray) and pandemic (black) zones after the zombie apocalypse in World War Z.

Have fun…

Future earth

21 thoughts on “Geography of Fictional Worlds: Blog Assignment #4

  1. The precipitation shows a major loss in arable land across the planet. Essentially all of the majors lands used for crop production in any country are gone, which could lead to a food shortage. Assuming temperatures also change with this, some crop production could continue further north, but some of the best land would no longer be viable without water. While it almost seems impossible, the deserts of Africa, Australia, and South America are much drier, and therefore hotter and now have a greater diurnal temperature variation with even less water than before to help maintain conditions. Interestingly, Asia is wetter, possibly allowing habitation in the Gobi desert and helping to alleviate crowding issues that could very well be an issue in the future, especially if some currently inhabited areas become uninhabitable due to increased heat or moisture loss.
    The first thing to notice with an ice age is that it is self-amplifying to a point. The glaciers will continue to grow until precipitation decreases (due to being locked up in ice) to the point to not allow the expansion of glaciers. This will make the Earth colder and colder, which of course makes it easier for ice to form. In terms of both value and sheer land area, cropland is largely gone. There isn’t much land around the Equator, which is the only area to left to grow food, and even then it looks risky except maybe in Africa. Major populations, such as those in Scandinavia, the entire west coast of South America, and a huge chunk of the United States, will be displaced by the ice, resulting in crowding in other areas. Most people will want to live near the Equator where it’s warmer, but there’s not enough land to go around for that so I would expect some of the poorer areas of the world (Central America and Africa, for instance) to suddenly be heavily crowded, not to mention the economic implications of Europeans and Americans moving to these areas and outpricing the native residents.
    The yellow areas are going to be extremely crowded if governments don’t keep people out, especially in Europe where there are small, isolated pockets spread throughout. There’s space in the western United States, but central Asia is going to be in absolute chaos with so many people located there. The pandemic zones will be mostly dead, so given time people could, in theory, retake them once the infected starve and make new safe zones. The infected zones are where there will be absolutely chaos. Living in hiding, eating whatever pre-infestation food can be scavenged, and generally just trying to survive. Urban farming and general self-sustaining practices will be required in the safe zones in order to feed everyone. The good news is that most areas are on the coast, allowing for both fishing and general habitation off shore.

  2. In the year 2090 temperatures began to rise, a shift occurred that could not be stopped. We knew, we warned that this would happen over one hundred years ago they knew this day would come, yet no one believed. In recent years they came to understand that our great-grandparents were right, now it is too late. In the United States the country suffers drought that will never be quenched, Europe proper and upper Africa also find themselves displaced as severe drought rips through their land. Many have moved into Eastern Europe and Russia where conditions are still not as severe. Canada has been forced to close its borders to those in the lower Americas. Russia now has the power over Europe that is has long desired as refugees race for water and food. The world has shifted to an unrecognizable place, in twenty more years even Russia and Canada will be drought ridden, what will we do then?

    The icecaps melted and fell away, the United States and Canada ravaged beyond belief, Russia and Eastern Europe is uninhabitable. As North Americans move south, Mexico has closed its borders within months, those who could afford it paid their way to South America. As the upper hemisphere is ravaged the Southern hemisphere remains nearly untouched. These areas are able to advance in the world of technology, Africa and Asia have become the hub of those worried of the climate change in the future, in these areas it is believed the snow and ice will not reach and so they prosper as America falls behind in the world covered by ice that will not soon melt.

    The world was infected, and the number of areas safe from the pandemic are dwindling down, soon the Americas will be fully infected. Greenland and Siberia are thought to be the safe havens if you are not aboard a ship, movement to these areas is swift and with these immigrants will come the sickness. The world will fall to this disease a cure, if any will save some but not all. Barricades will not hold out these creatures for long, advancements have ceased and the world grows dark, soon the world will be without humans, alive ones that is.

  3. The first image leads me somewhat towards speculation. First and foremost, I noticed that in particular the several of the noted grain production areas of the globe, like Ukraine and the American Great Plains region, seem rather more dry than they used to be, indicating a food crisis and therefore perhaps a future proposed supplies shortage/crisis in what are today leading powers. Additionally, whatever dramatic climate change has occurred seems to have ignored the presence of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone-I am interested as to what exactly happened in this scenario to bring such an event to fruition-is this in the aftermath of an impact or an atmospheric alteration so catastrophic that the effects override the significant natural inclination towards an ICTZ? The Amazon basin in particular looks devastatingly dry-I can only suppose that Brazil’s steady emergence as a player on the world stage has been somewhat stifled. At the same time-to a certain extent, China looks to be in pretty good shape-same with East Central Africa and India coming in a close second-at least in terms of being one of the few countries left with significant-excess even, rainfall. Asides from those two, a few other places look to have caught some luck in this climatological realignment. Russia’s entire southern half-what used to be semiarid steppe unsuitable for large-scale agriculture seems now to be much more viable. Overall, this scenario seems to indicate in particular a shift in the balance of power from the present-day West to the East.
    This next image is at least as interesting as the previous one-it seems earth has entered a time of global cooling, albeit not a snowball Earth scenario. Glaciers seem to be winning the battle with the Canadians, and tropical real estate is no doubt in high demand, with temperatures likely to be unpleasant as you pass the tropics north/south. Interestingly, the Himalayas seem relatively free of the encroaching ice, and Australia has gained several inland sea-sized water features, perhaps a result of dramatically changing precipitation patterns and ocean current activity as a result of the climatological change. I feel that in this situation that among leading powers on the world stage today, Russia would be particularly marginalized by the spread of the ice, with the US, while not having directly important zones impeded by ice, are no doubt experiencing drought in their Great Plains region as moisture moving east off the Pacific freezes before it can reach the plains. This leads me to believe that this is a scenario where in particular the two old cold war enemies are suffering more than the rest of the world, of course with a few other countries also bearing the brunt of the ice encroachment.
    This final image is, as I know from having read the book, is as much a reflection of individual countries’ specific reaction plans to the zombie apocalypse as it is to fortunate geographic placement, etc. Some countries have obviously fared better than others due to advantageous geography-Chile only has to really monitor their far northern border-and even then, zombies in the Atacama surely have a low chance of effective intrusion. Madagascar, as you know if you have ever tried to win at Plague, Inc. is a fortress of disease free solitude when it comes to imaginary viral outbreaks, etc. and South Africa benefited from the Redeker plan. Cuba is one of the few countries completely free of zombie infestation, and indeed serves as perhaps the preeminent world leader in the aftermath of World War Z. Africa, Brazil, China, Germany (Despite the Prochnow Plan), and the greater portion of inhabitable Russia are laid waste by the plague, leading to a transfer of world leadership to the aforementioned Cuba and other states. A person living in this situation would no doubt quickly learn, however, that despite the changing political nature of the planet, politics just don’t matter as much to individuals anymore when hordes of undead are trying to turn you into a zombie.

    • Excellent – although just as a general point, moisture in the Great Plains is almost all sourced from the Gulf of Mexico – the rockies already have a huge rain shadow effect.

  4. The first scenario is a global drought, which would alter the politics and economy of the world, but also affect clothing worn by the populace and the very mechanisms of the fashion industry. Russia, once relatively arid and faced with a scarcity of water for agriculture, suddenly finds itself one of the wettest places on earth, altering current world politics considerably. Cotton and synthetic fibers which take massive amounts of water to grow or manufacture are no longer the dominate fibers of clothing production; flax sees its popularity from the days before the New World return. Overall, the fashion industry shifts radically from a top-down system to a highly-localized new system revolving around small-scale design and production. Japan is the last of the global centers of high fashion to remain after Paris, Milan and Barcelona are devastated economically by the drought, and the minimalism so favored by Japanese couturiers would be the ideal look for the upper class.
    The biggest effect an ice age would have would be to cover most of the formerly inhabitable earth with glaciers, eliminating a good bit of available farmland and forcing people to migrate into the un-iced areas, creating a merging of cultures which would profoundly affect fashion. As Russians and Scandinavians move south and the global temperature drops the Nordic mode of dressing (specifically, a focus on texture and material, and a complete disregard for the form of the human body itself, instead focusing on the form of the garment) would become popular throughout much of the world. Obviously, people would have to adjust to wearing more clothes in their daily lives, and there would be a push for the development and refinement of more fabrics which insulate without adding bulk. Since this level of cooling and glaciation would most likely develop rather slowly, the fashion industry itself would have time to adjust and we would not see a radical change in the workings of the industry, (as in the other two scenarios) simply in the zeitgeist which dictates fashion, as cultures interact with each other in new ways.
    I would imagine the zombie apocalypse would basically destroy the fashion industry. New clothing would not be readily available so garments would have to be maintained and repaired for as long as possible (which frankly would not be very long since most clothing today is not manufactured in a way that holds up to extended wear, and the general public has lost most of the knowledge that allowed seamstresses of the 1860’s, 1930’s, and 1940’s to mend and extend the lifespan of their garments.) As clothing wears out people would have to resort to scavenged materials, beginning with hardier textiles such as tarps and canvas, and eventually moving on to other, more unconventional materials. I assume the individual safe areas would be unable to communicate with each other much, and therefore dress would evolve radically differently over time in each one. That evolution would be rather slow, however, since it is the exchange of ideas which drives fashions to change.

  5. Map 1: The last 80 years have been devastating for many reasons and it is not just the loss of so many people. We are now 15 million strong according to the leaders of the UN. That might be the bright spot in this tragedy, that we now have one world government that is concerned for all of its people. We are still harvesting soils from the former green belts of the world in an attempt to keep the greenhouses fertile. The caravans of bicycles, tricycles, and quad cycles move tons per year while harvesting goods from the dry regions but the lack of rubber tires makes this a punishing job no matter how healthy the riders. The worst part is how much water needs to be carried south to support the caravans. Soon the electric trains will move goods and materials north but until we can solve the battery problem this prospect does not look good. Fortunately, the truly communist/socialist government sees to the needs of everyone as best as possible. This would not have happened if the Walker/Chen amendment had not passed. Almost everyone looks forward to being drafted into the government and the mandatory limits have put an end to corruption and graft.

    Map 2: We are all so proud to be Africans or South Americans now but this wasn’t so in the beginning. The wars went on while the Earth cooled until all of the original governments had collapsed in one way or another. All of the Northern Hemisphere superpowers have faded away into just a shadow. This is a good thing for the impoverished “third world” countries because the Western greed economies no longer drain the poorer countries for resources and brain power. The Pan-African coalition is now the first real true melting pot of humanity. This only happened because of the loss of Nationality as a cohesive force. Once everyone came around to the idea that we were all just folks then we could finally get down to the task of surviving. There are still splinter factions worldwide but most of these are so remote that they have little influence on the mainstream population. The best part is that when they come to trade we make sure that some of their own racial/ethnic/religious group is part of the bargaining committee and also are sure to include those that are considered undesirable. Some day they will come in out of the cold and we will welcome them.

    Map 3: Even though World War Z has become a standard in middle school the children of this new era are so far separated from the past that they cannot really relate to our hopes of rebuilding the world to its former state. We try to teach them about our music, art, and entertainment and even the social interactions we all took for granted. It does not really seem to matter. What we really need to focus on is building a new society one that does matter to the youth of all nations. The other day I was asked by a student why would we want to go back to the old ways when we were on the verge of destroying the Earth with the capitalist mentality and endless pollution. She actually sees the Zed apocalypse as a good thing. I was stunned to say the least. When I asked her to explain a little more she said “well at least people are not killing each other over land and oil anymore”. It is that simple too her. When I asked about whether she thought that the American way of live was a good way to live she just said “NO”. “Americans were comfortable only because other people suffered”. She is used to our way of live and as simple as it is, she has no real desire for it to become modern again. I asked her if anything from the past should be resurrected to make our lives better or easier. Again she said no and that life should not be easy because if it was you cannot really appreciate what you have if you did not work for it. Man she sounds like my grandma back when there was a Wisconsin to call home.

  6. The first map shows a drastic change in global precipitation beginning in the year 2090. The map shows a planet almost entirely overcome by desert. The United States and Southern Europe are almost entirely consumed by desert so the agricultural industries of these areas are entirely devastated. I assume wine does not exist in this future as Italy and California are super arid. Beer probably won’t be a thing for very long either as all the major grain-producing areas of the world are ravaged by desert. North-Eastern Europe seems to be the last best place for survival as they have the only temperate conditions left on the planet. The India subcontinent is probably going to continue to swell as well as an influx of populations swarm in to take advantage of their conditions. Eastern Equatorial Africa seems pretty safe with a temperate and wet environment. I could see lots of travel taking place between this area of Africa and South Asia for population distribution.
    The second map displays the effects of a new global ice age. Again, large areas of agricultural production are unusable in the scenario so food shortages and mass movements of populations are going to take place. I also think I see some recession in the sea levels as Florida seems much chunkier and the United Kingdom is connected to mainland Europe. All of South-East Asia is connected in this scenario as well. The recession of sea waters and the build-up of the ice have also led to the creation of large inland seas in Africa, China, and Australia. Canada , the western United States, and Northern Europe are entirely uninhabitable in this scenario which is going to lead to huge displacement and resource scarcities. I also see little hope of wine production here as well as California and Italy are iced over and isolated from the migration of populations. I could still see some production of beer but it would be at a very disappointing level.
    The World War Z map shows us the zones of the earth that are still habitable and not overrun by the zombie population or the dangerous virus that they spread. Of course, a map like this can only be of temporary importance as eventually the hordes of undead will overrun all safe areas and the entire world will be consumed. Especially with a black pandemic area in the Midwestern United States so close to the relative safe zone of the west. Same goes for the safe zone of southwest China and Nepal; eventually the mass population of zombies in Pakistan and Afghanistan will break through whatever defenses have been constructed and gnaw on the brains of every living man, woman, and child. Maybe, if the western United States stays safe for a good amount of time, some wine will still be produced out of whatever time and resources can be spared by the remaining population. I don’t think there will be enough resources and manpower to grow enough grain to supply beer for those last few humans inhabiting this planet (unless somehow the strength and endurance of the zombies could be harnessed into an effective workforce). A bleak future, indeed.

  7. The first map shows the future conditions of earth in 2090-2099. Much of the earth’s land is very dry, which one can also assume these areas of little rainfall are most likely hot as well. This indicates that the arable land used for growing many of the earth’s crops is now barren. Much of North America, South America, Europe, Australia and parts of Africa are incredibly dry. But the land very far north such as northern Canada, Alaska and Russia seem to have the most amount of rainfall. However, I am curious if the climate would be suitable for the world’s agricultural needs.

    The second map is of the earth during an ice age. Most of the land used for growing crops is now frozen over and not longer arable, leading to a shortage in food. Most of North America, Russia, Chile and parts of Europe are now inhabitable and will cause mass migration to land that is warmer. Areas along the equator seems to be the warmest and would most likely be the best living situation. Because a large percentage of this the earth’s surface is now iced over, the more habitable land will become overpopulated. This combined with the scarcity of food will lead to harsh living situation for the earth’s population.

    Most of the world is infested but there are a few safe zones. Much of these safe zones are in land that is great for growing crops which should allow survivors to rely on agriculture and hunting for food. Some of the pandemic zones are close to the safe zones which leads me to wonder if the pandemic would ever cross over the border. Ultimately, believe that post-apocalypse, survival would be possible, but very difficult.

  8. he first image shows a extreme change in global temperature and precipitation/moisture distribution. It seems that spikes in surface temperature has rendered much of habitable and farming areas arid and desolate. The only places fit for human habitation seem to be in the high latitudes which creates a problem: shorter growing seasons in a very limited space. Also, these areas will be affected by many factors that would increase hardship: soil nutrient depletion, soil erosion, increase of human population, decrease resources, and conflict. For the sake of this blog let’s assume that the global population has been reduced to half of today’s numbers. Grouping these numbers into small strips of arable lands, with somewhat favorable climate in which only a limited type of crops could be harvested, is a recipe for disaster. Even this small favorable places could be useless. Western Northern Canada has many mountain ranges with elevations unfit for farming. Coastal Eastern Canada would limit the production of food that is not suitable for coastal marine environment.Wester Russia is covered by mountains ranges such as the Urals. Easter Russia, namely the Siberian Plateau is mostly mosquito infested wetlands with a dense permafrost subsurface and underground methane deposits that make it unfit and unstable for human habitation. Not to mention that both Northern Canada and Russia have terrible winters, and depending on the season of the year, sunlight is limited. Other areas that seem to be favorable for human habitation and farming are parts of Colombia and Ecuador, the Indian Subcontinent, Mongolia, and Eastern China (all mountainous terrain again which their own topographic issues), parts of Maranhão, Piauí and Ceará in Bazil (which actually seems to be the best choice and climate due to it’s proximity to the Equator, which would guarantee a longer farming season with repeated harvest), the Paraná River Valley (fertile soil, good climate), and some parts of the Rift Valley in Africa.

    The second image show a partially glaciated planet which temperature has dropped to the point of completely changing entire ecosystems in latitudes that once were arid and inhabitable. Granted that the planet is mostly green in places glaciation has not reached yet but slowly but surely ice will advance to cover some of those places as well. Cooler temperatures also would limit the diversity, if any, of the harvest. Most animals and vegetation not adapted to such drastic change in temperature would have died out thus limiting natural resources necessary for survival. The planet would continue to cool down until even those areas settled by survivors would become inhabitable and the population would have to move again. The good news is that the regions of the planet that were arid at one point, about 30 degrees North and South, now are more accessible and apt for farming — unless the ground has cooled down to the point t of creating a dense layer of permafrost. Still, until the ices stops advancing, the best places with highest changes of survival are those near the Equator.

    Last image paint a very depressing image of desperation and adaptability. For what I can tell, the only thing keeping the infection from reaching the safe places are natural barrier such as oceans, deserts, mountain ranges, and plateaus. Most of these places are not fit for human settlements. Some have extreme weather patterns and limited resources. These small enclaves at least have some form of natural barriers that would protect the survivors until somehow the infection finds its way there. Cramping all those people together would create health issues as well. Most are not accustomed to the climate nor the environment. Bodies would suffer some physical shock and probably the weak and old would not adapt and die out. Out of the three scenarios, this last one is the grimmest of them all. All survivors are pushed into such small areas that there is not way many would make it without conflict and warring to obtain power over the limited resources.

  9. The first image shows a future state of the globe with radically different conditions for precipitation. With most of the continents and land below the latitude of Northern Canada becoming arid landscapes. From an American perspective this would devastate all of our food production and lead to an economic collapse, as well as a social war most likely in order for the strongest or richest to survive. The northern territories and arctic regions of North America would soon have a mass migration of people to live there, as well as an introduction of many foreign species of animals that we as humans would bring to domesticate, and use for food production. Thus rendering a complete collapse of the natural ecosystem. Fortunately there is plenty of land in the region, so space wouldn’t be as big as an issue. Assumably the northern arctic region would also be a bit more moderate in temperature if this was even to be physically possible, making it a comfortable place to live instead of harsh winter region. Anybody living in the arid regions below would be forced to have some sort of irrigation system emplaced in their land/territory as well as a strong communication/trade system to the hospitable lands of the north. The people living in the northern regions would most likely construct cities and modern looking buildings in order to rebuild the lives they once had, that is if there was not total destruction of the population during the anticipated collapse of society. Also the once inhospitable lands of Russia would soon be the next greatest place for most of European citizens to live as it would become bearable and quite pleasant.

    The second image depicts a world where I’m assuming the world is entering or exiting an ice age. In this case I am going to depict a world where we are going through the end of an ice age. The
    population of humans that survived the ice age would soon start rebuilding the world they once had by returning to their known habitable locations and working on whatever is necessary. The population of man that does inhabit the earth would most likely be past being different from one another, and accepting to the fact that they all need to work together in order to restore humanity to what it once was. Staying warm would be a priority still, as most of the regions in the world would still be rather cool, therefor creating a motivation for being comfortable. Presumably the African continent would be the most comfortable living region of the world, and would host the most successful populations of people or either the richest. This region would have the most advanced society for the current time and most likely the highest population of people in general. They would most likely be more focus on themselves than the rest of people situated on other continents having a less fortunate life. A bit of a role reversal to the world we currently live in today ironically.

    The third image shows a world where the zombie apocalypse has actually happened. Running with the rules that humans can only contract the zombie virus through saliva to blood contact it would be safe to say that there are few places untouched by the zombie virus itself. The best chance for survival would be an area that originally had no mass of population to begin with and stayed rather isolated from the rest of humanity. As well as high alpine regions which people are protected through the fact that it is illogical for modern man to live in such a difficult place. The high sierras are a great example of a region untouched and inhabited by man and would serve as a great environment for those looking to stay away from human contact. During the winter months it would be rather rough to keep living in that region, so naturally one would have to decline in altitude and perhaps live near the tahoe region. Small groups of societies would form to defend themselves from the impending doom coming towards them, but if they stayed small enough they could perhaps keep from being discovered. Places such as Arkansas could also offer great hiding potential, if it weren’t in a pandemic zone depicted in the map, as the whole ozark mountains consist of an underlying layer of karst formations that offer large cave systems for small groups to live in.

  10. The first map shows most of the world in a very dry state. If those areas are dry it means that there is not enough precipitation. The lack of water will make it a little difficult for societies inhabiting these dry areas to develop. Access to water is one of the most important elements for human development to take place. With no water people will not be able to develop agriculture, making difficult for them to have access to grain and other crops. These dry areas might be inhabitable if they would have ground water reservoirs. The green areas 1 2 3 will be the areas to which the majority of the population will migrate to, to have access to water and develop a more normal life. I would not recommend areas 10 15 20 to live because of the water excess, which would make of these places of natural hazards, such as floods and land slides.

    The second map shows areas that have a lot of vegetation and some other areas with a lot of ice. It looks that earth is beginning to freeze from north to south, making it difficult for those areas in the north to be habitable. It looks like Central America, Africa, and the eastern part of South America are the least affected by the ice; which make sense as these areas located at the equator where the sun hits directly. Will the sun heat at the equator stop the freezing process of the earth? If yes, then the green areas of the south would be a place for humans to live in. The green areas have a lot of vegetation to feed its native population and those migrating from the north. However, too much green is not good. Populations inhabiting these green areas might have a hard time adapting to these because of the wild animals that they might encounter.

    Since there are more infested and pandemic areas than safe zones something has to be done to stop the spreading of the infestation to avoid the safe areas to be infected. Leaders of the safe zones will have to impose travel restriction to people coming from other places even if they are coming from other safe areas. Travel will also have to be prohibited to those living in safe zones. These leaders have to act quickly by investing money so that researchers in the safe area find the cure to this infestation. This plan might be successful as most of the safe areas are located where developed countries are; usually these are countries have state of the art technology and money resources available that will help their population to stay way from the infestation. If nothing is done quickly chances are that the whole world will be infected.

  11. #1: Farming would necessarily shift to the move manageable environmental conditions in the -0.5 to 3 range near the north. Interestingly, Antarctica is not on the map leaving open the possibility of it being used to cultivate plant life if subject to non-extreme conditions. Much of the United States would seem infertile for agriculture and life, however I expect by 2090 the changing climate will have put an impetus on GMO plants, particularly in changing them to adapt to saltwater irrigation in near coast areas and possibly for offshore agriculture. Africa may no longer be overwhelmed by starving population as the population will likely decline due to deteriorating environmental conditions but also because the central east of the continent will become suitable for mass agriculture. Africa’s lack of forest in the previously drier region will be supplemented by invasive species of bamboo used for sustainable building materials.

    #2: North American countries will adapt and shift into a new political structure (after some possibly violent upheaval that delays movement response teams whose resulting millions of dead will be the impetus for change) and base along the Mississippi which becomes supplied with cold glacial meltwater. South America is devastated, failing to adapt to the new climate with no resources to change its infrastructure. Equatorial warm water and continuing rain (though decreased) ensures that most of the remaining rainforest remains healthy and it retakes ground as nearly all of the people die from exposure-related conditions (e.g. lack or services, food, safe water).

    #3: Madagascar and Tasmania become the safe ports for the worlds navies, air forces, and other armed services. Remaining armies and national guards are used in Greenland to prepare for a retaking of Iceland. Remaining world powers in the form of mostly military dictatorships but also some corporations with standing mercenary forces (previously supernational resource conglomerates) focus on Iceland because there is little infrastructure to clear and safety check, and the island nation is completely self-sustainable in terms of energy. Some measure of resources are used to create more agriculture for real self-sustainment and it becomes the headquarters for the United Nations Parliament. Madagascar becomes the largest naval and air force base in the world. Tasmania is used as a base for resource gathering from the Southern Ocean and Antarctica. Ore and oil are needed to supply clearing and neutralization efforts by the military. North Korea allows substantial amounts of refugees from South Korea, mainland China, and Japan into its territory. It’s armed forces fail twice to take control of and defend several large deposits of resources in China for developing its capabilities further. The military revolts and kills most of its leaders. A new parliamentary system is setup which shares power with several elected heads of state which work together to clear and retake Japan and some parts of China for resource extraction. They remain weaker than the UNP which mobilizes and preserves its military in using it both as anti-zombie forces and civilian support similar to national guard duties. Government service is no mandatory for anyone between the ages of 17 and 25.

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